Temporary tables


Informix temporary tables are created with the CREATE TEMP TABLE DDL instruction or with SELECT ... INTO TEMP statement:
CREATE TEMP TABLE tt1 ( pkey INT, name VARCHAR(50) )
SELECT * FROM tab1 WHERE pkey > 100 INTO TEMP tt2

Temporary tables are automatically dropped when the SQL session ends, but they can also be dropped with the DROP TABLE command. There is no name conflict when several users create temporary tables with the same name.

BDL reports can create a temporary table when the rows are not sorted externally (by the source SQL statement).

Informix allows you to create indexes on temporary tables. No name conflict occurs when several users create an index on a temporary table by using the same index identifier.

When creating temporary tables in Informix, the WITH NO LOG clause can be used to avoid the overhead of recording DML operations in transaction logs.


Oracle® supports global temporary tables that can be shared among several processes: Only data is temporary and local to an SQL process, the table structure is common to all programs.

Oracle 18c provides private temporary tables, similar to Informix temporary tables: The table structure and data is private to the program. However, private temporary tables in Oracle 18c have several limitations that need to be considered before usage.


In accordance with some prerequisites, temporary table creation in BDL programs can be supported by the database interface.


When creating a temporary table, you perform a Data Definition Language statement. Oracle automatically commits the current transaction when executing a DDL statement. Therefore, you must avoid temp table creation/destruction in transactions.

The general FGLPROFILE entry to control temporary table emulation is:
dbi.database.dsname.ifxemul.temptables = { true | false }
For more details see IBM Informix emulation parameters in FGLPROFILE.

Simple Informix-style SQL statement creating temporary tables can be converted to a native SQL equivalent instruction. However, complex SQL statements such as SELECT .. INTO TEMP with subqueries may fail. In such cases, create a view from the complex query and then create the temp table from the view. Or, disable Informix emulation and use the native SQL syntax to create the temporary table (EXECUTE IMMEDIATE "/* fglhint_no_ifxemul */ …")

With Informix SQL, if the source table has a column defined as SERIAL or BIGSERIAL, a SELECT ... INTO TEMP will produce a new temp table with an auto-incremented serial column. With the SELECT … INTO TEMP emulation for non-Informix databases, not using the native sequence generators (such as IDENTITY columns in SQL Server), the resulting temporary table will get a simple INTEGER or BIGINT column, instead of an auto-incremented column.

The temporary table emulation can use permanent tables, global temporary tables or (since Oracle 18c) private temporary tables.

Use the following FGLPROFILE entry, to define the type of temporary table emulation:

dbi.database.dbname.ifxemul.temptables.emulation = { "default"
                                                   | "private"
                                                   | "global" }

By default, the database driver uses regular permanent tables. The default emulation provides maximum compatibility with Informix temporary tables, but requires real table creation which can be a significant overhead with Oracle. For more details, see Using the default temporary table emulation.

The "private" temp table emulation uses native Oracle Private Temporary Tables, which are only visible for the current SQL session. However, the private emulation mode has some limitations and constraints requiring code review. For more details, see Using the private temporary table emulation.

The "global" temp table emulation uses native Oracle Global Temporary Tables, requiring only one initial table creation and thus making programs run faster. However, the global emulation mode has some limitations requiring code review. For more details, see Using the global temporary table emulation.