Rendering modes of a menu

Purpose of MENU styles

When you add a style to a MENU's attributes list, you define the look-and-feel of that menu and how that menu acts.

MENU rendering specification

The rendering mode of a MENU instruction can be controlled with the STYLE dialog attribute:
MENU "Test" ATTRIBUTES ( STYLE = "mode" )
   ...
END MENU
Note: MENU ... ATTRIBUTES(STYLE="mode") is not a presentation style defined in a 4st file: It defines a display mode, a rendering hint for front-ends.

The decoration of the different rendering modes of a MENU depends on the front-end type and the platform used. Consider testing the menu instruction with all front-ends that you intend to support for end users.

Default MENU rendering

By default, when no STYLE attribute is used in the MENU instruction, each menu option will be displayed as default action views in a dedicated area of the current window, depending on the front-end.

Note that when an explicit action view (for example, a BUTTON in form layout) is associated with a menu option, the default action views will not appear.

The default rendering of a MENU, including the position of the default action views in the window, can be controlled with window presentation style attributes.

MAIN
  MENU "File"
    COMMAND "New"
      DISPLAY "New"
    COMMAND "Open"
      DISPLAY "Open"
    COMMAND "Save"
      DISPLAY "Save"
    COMMAND "Import"
      DISPLAY "Import"
    COMMAND "Quit"
      EXIT MENU
  END MENU
END MAIN
Figure: Default rendering of MENU

Screenshot of a default rendering of MENU

Modal dialog MENU rendering

Menus can be rendered in a modal dialog window by specifying the STYLE="dialog" attribute in the MENU instruction.

MAIN
  MENU "Example of dialog menu"
    ATTRIBUTES ( STYLE="dialog", COMMENT="Delete the file?" )
    COMMAND "Yes"
      DISPLAY "Yes"
    COMMAND "No"
      DISPLAY "No"
    COMMAND "Cancel"
      DISPLAY "Cancel"
  END MENU
END MAIN

When the user clicks on an option, the MENU instruction automatically exits and the modal dialog window closes. There is no need for an EXIT MENU command.

With STYLE="dialog", when the user clicks on an option, the MENU instruction automatically exits and the pop-up menu closes. There is no need for an EXIT MENU command.

Figure: MENU displayed as a modal box

Screenshot of a MENU displayed as modal box

Pop-up MENU rendering

Menus can also be displayed as pop-up choice lists, when the STYLE="popup" attribute is used in the MENU instruction.

MAIN
   DEFINE r INTEGER
   MENU "test"
     COMMAND "popup"
        DISPLAY popup()
     COMMAND "quit"
        EXIT MENU
   END MENU
END MAIN

FUNCTION popup()
   DEFINE r INTEGER
   LET r = -1
   MENU "unused" ATTRIBUTES ( STYLE="popup" )
     COMMAND "Copy all"
        LET r = 1
     COMMAND "Copy current"
        LET r = 2
     COMMAND "Paste all"
        LET r = 3
     COMMAND "Paste current"
        LET r = 4
   END MENU
   RETURN r 
END FUNCTION

With STYLE="popup", when the user clicks on an option, the MENU instruction automatically exits and the pop-up menu closes. There is no need for an EXIT MENU command.

Figure: MENU displayed as pop-up pick list

Screenshot of a MENU displayed as pop-up pick list

MENU rendering on mobile platforms

On mobile devices, the rendering of the MENU dialog can be customize by using Window style attributes, to display the menu options in the chromebar, with:
<Style name="Window">
  <StyleAttribute name="ringMenuPosition" value="chrome" />
</Style>

For more details, see Action views in chromebar.