Generate a GWS client stub file from the WSDL

To access a SOAP Web service, retrieve the WSDL from the service provider to learn about the functions provided by the Web service. The fglwsdl command-line tool can use the WSDL to generate much of the client code for you.

To explain how you code a Genero client application that accesses a SOAP Web service, this documentation uses the example of a calculator client application. This application accesses the Add operation in the MyCalculator Web service. To write the client, you simply need to access the WSDL for the Web service. To learn how to program the service, see Writing a Web server application.

Tip: Sample services can be found through UDDI registries or on other sites.
The GWS package provides the fglwsdl tool. This tool can use the information provided by the WSDL to create a client stub file. For example, this command retrieves the WSDL (the Web service information) for the "MyCalculator" service and creates a client stub file named "Example2Client". The service must be running on the specified port in order to provide the WSDL information.
fglwsdl -soap12 -o ws_calculator http://localhost:8090/MyCalculator?WSDL
The generated client stub file (ws_calculator.4gl in this example) is a module containing:
  • The definitions of the input and output records.
  • The functions to call in your GWS client application, to perform a requested Web Service operation.
  • The code that manages the Web Service request.
Note:

To generate legacy stub files (.inc and .4gl) compatible with GWS client applications created with Genero 3.20 or prior, see Generate GWS client stub files from the WSDL (legacy).

Input and output records

The stub file contains the data types for the operations. They are defined as PUBLIC modular variables.
PUBLIC DEFINE Add RECORD 
  ATTRIBUTES( XMLName="Add", 
             XMLNamespace="http://tempuri.org/webservices" )
  a INTEGER ATTRIBUTES( XMLName="a", XMLNamespace="" ),
  b INTEGER ATTRIBUTES( XMLName="b", XMLNamespace="" )
END RECORD

PUBLIC DEFINE AddResponse RECORD 
  ATTRIBUTES( XMLName="AddResponse", 
             XMLNamespace="http://tempuri.org/webservices" )
  r INTEGER ATTRIBUTES(XMLName="r",XMLNamespace="" )
END RECORD

Function for the operations

The stub file contains functions generated for each operation. For example, the Add operation has two functions that developers may use for different situations and data types.

The Add function uses input and output parameters, and returns the status and result. This function can only be used if the input and output parameters are not complex structures such as arrays or records. Using this function, developers do not access the public records directly.

FUNCTION Add(p_a, p_b)
  DEFINE p_a	 INTEGER
  DEFINE p_b	 INTEGER
  DEFINE soapStatus INTEGER

  LET Add.a = p_a
  LET Add.b = p_b

  LET soapStatus = Add_g()

  RETURN soapStatus, AddResponse.r
END FUNCTION

The Add_g function can be used with the public input and output records. Before calling this function, you must set the values in the variables of the public input record.

For examples using the functions, see Call the web service.