Field-anchored windows

The Window style attribute "position" can be set to "field" in order to display the window under the current field.

The Window style attribute "position"

The "position" style attribute for Window elements can take several values, to control where the window will appear on the screen. It can for example be anchored to an existing window, or centered. For more details, see the position style attribute reference topic.

In this topic, we will describe how to use the "field" value of the Window position style attribute, to display the window under the current field having the focus. This will result in a "drop-down" window, typically used to select a record in a list:

Figure: Typical Window.position="field" usage

The figure shows a screenshot of a parent window displaying a drop-down window, to select a record from a list.

Defining your custom "dropdown" Window style

The "position" style attribute for Window elements must be defined under a Style element.

We use the name "dropdown" to reference the style element in program source files.

Create the following styles.4st file:
<StyleList>
  <Style name="Window.dropdown">
     <StyleAttribute name="position" value="field" />
     <StyleAttribute name="windowType" value="modal" />
     <StyleAttribute name="border" value="none" />
     <StyleAttribute name="windowSystemMenu" value="no" />
     <StyleAttribute name="actionPanelPosition" value="none" />
     <StyleAttribute name="ringMenuPosition" value="none" />
     <StyleAttribute name="statusBarType" value="none" />
  </Style>
<StyleList>
Note:

Additional Window style attributes are required to get the expected rendering. For example, we remove the border, system menu, statusbar, action panel, etc, to get a minimal window frame. Note also that the windowType attribute must be "modal".

The zoom.per form

The zoom.per form defines a TABLE container, with the STYLE attribute set to "dropdown":
LAYOUT
TABLE t1 (STYLE="dropdown")
{
[c1      |c2           ]
[c1      |c2           ]
[c1      |c2           ]
[c1      |c2           ]
[c1      |c2           ]
}
END
END
ATTRIBUTES
c1 = FORMONLY.col1, TITLE="Id";
c2 = FORMONLY.col2, TITLE="Name";
END
INSTRUCTIONS
SCREEN RECORD sr(FORMONLY.*);
END

The main.per form

The main.per form defines a GRID container with two BUTTONEDIT fields, with an ACTION, that will fire the ON ACTION program code to open the zoom window:
LAYOUT
GRID
{
[f1             ] [f2             ]
}
END      
END      
ATTRIBUTES
BUTTONEDIT f1 = FORMONLY.field1, ACTION=zoom1, IMAGE="zoom";
BUTTONEDIT f2 = FORMONLY.field2, ACTION=zoom2, IMAGE="zoom";
END

The main.4gl program

The main.4gl module implements a simple INPUT with ON ACTION handlers calling a function that opens the zoom window.

Note that the OPEN WINDOW instruction uses the STYLE="dropdown" attribute:
MAIN
    DEFINE rec RECORD
                field1 STRING,
                field2 STRING
           END RECORD

    CALL ui.Interface.loadStyles("styles")

    OPEN FORM f1 FROM "main"
    DISPLAY FORM f1

    INPUT BY NAME rec.* ATTRIBUTES(UNBUFFERED)
        ON ACTION zoom1
           LET rec.field1 = open_zoom(rec.field1)
        ON ACTION zoom2
           LET rec.field2 = open_zoom(rec.field2)
    END INPUT

END MAIN

FUNCTION open_zoom(cv)
    DEFINE cv STRING
    DEFINE arr DYNAMIC ARRAY OF RECORD
               col1 INT,
               col2 STRING
           END RECORD
    DEFINE i INT
    FOR i=1 TO 100
        LET arr[i].col1 = i
        LET arr[i].col2 = SFMT("Item %1",i)
    END FOR
    OPEN WINDOW wz WITH FORM "zoom" ATTRIBUTES(STYLE="dropdown")
    LET int_flag = FALSE
    DISPLAY ARRAY arr TO sr.*
        AFTER DISPLAY
          IF NOT int_flag THEN
             LET cv = arr[arr_curr()].col2
          END IF
    END DISPLAY
    CLOSE WINDOW wz
    RETURN cv
END FUNCTION