Equal to (== or =)

The == operator checks for equality of two expressions or for two record variables. A single = can be used as alias for ==.

Syntax 1: Expression comparison

expr == expr
  1. expr can be any expression supported by the language.
  2. A single = sign can be used as alias for ==.

Syntax 2: Record comparison

record1.* == record2.*
  1. record1 and record2 are records with the same structure.
  2. A single = sign can be used as alias for ==.

Usage

The == operator evaluates whether two expressions or two records are identical.

Note:

A single = equal sign can be used as an alias for the == operator. However, consider using a double ==, to distinguish comparisons from variable assignments (LET var=expr).

This operator applies to expressions that evaluate to primitive data types such as INTEGER, VARCHAR, DATE. It does not apply to the BYTE and TEXT types.

When comparing simple expressions (expr == expr), the result of the operator is NULL when one of the operands is NULL.

When comparing two records using the second syntax, the runtime system compares all corresponding members of the records. If a pair of members are different, the result of the operator is FALSE. When two corresponding members are NULL, they are considered as equal. This second syntax allows you to compare all members of records, but records must have the same structure.

Example

MAIN
  DEFINE n INTEGER
  LET n=512
  IF n==512 THEN
     DISPLAY "The variable equals 512."
  END IF
END MAIN